CNA Skills: Personal Perineal Hygiene and PPE

We'll talk about personal perineal hygiene in this blog, which covers tasks like handwashing and donning/doffing gowns and gloves.

January 1, 2022

On the CNA skills test, you will be required to demonstrate a range of skills and abilities. This may be a difficult section of the test, but we’ve broken it down into a series of blogs that includes this one and more to help you prepare. We’ll talk about personal perineal hygiene in this blog, which covers tasks like handwashing and donning/doffing gowns and gloves. 


While your skills exam will choose certain skills randomly, almost every state will test handwashing as a separate skill, as well as hand washing before, during, and after other skills, so mastering it is essential. You’ll probably be asked to wash your hands at the start of the test, and then you’ll be reminded to do so when completing subsequent tasks.

Perineal Hygiene
Perineal Hygiene

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Tips to ensure Hand Washing is performed correctly

Here are the steps to follow, as well as some tips on how to do this skill correctly:

  • If you’re wearing a watch, bracelets, rings, or long sleeves, make sure to take them off or fold them up so they don’t get in the way. Ensure that no clothes come into contact with the sink
  • Check the temperature before turning on the water. The water should be warm, but not to the point of burning or discomfort. While washing your hands, keep the water flowing
  • Apply soap on your hands up to your wrists after they have been wet. If your hands aren’t obviously dirty, work up a lather with friction for at least 20-30 seconds. Wash for at least one minute if visibly dirty or after contact with body fluids. Working the soap around and under your fingernails is important since this is where germs and bacteria grow. As required, reapply soap and re-wet your hands.
  • Make sure your hands are lower than your elbows when washing them, so the microorganisms you’re trying to wipe away don’t climb up your arms. You should start over if your hands touch the counter or the inside of the sink while washing.
  • Rinse your hands under warm water, keeping your hands below your elbows once again
  • Allow your hands to drip; do not shake!
  • Using a disposable paper towel, dry your hands. So that the possibly dirty parts above the wrist do not move down to the fingers, dry from the fingertips to the wrist. Remove the paper towel and toss it in the trash
  • Turn off the water faucet with a fresh, dry paper towel. Discard that paper towel

Donning and Doffing Gowns and Gloves

Donning and removing PPE in nursing, like gowns and gloves, correctly is critical, especially during a pandemic. Because this is one of the more often requested abilities, here are the steps and advice:

  • Please wash your hands (or tell the examiner that you would wash your hands)
  • Choose a gown and gloves that fit well and are in good condition
  • Fold the gown backward so that the opening is at the back. Tie the gown at the neck and then at the waist, ensuring that there is overlap in the back
  • If you’re requested to put on eyeglasses, do it after you’ve put on your gown and before you put on your gloves
  • Put on gloves that overlap the cuff of the robe so that no skin is visible
  • You may be asked to pretend or mimic entering a patient room and doing an activity
  • Before exiting the patient room, take off your gown and gloves
  • Remove the gloves first. Remove the first glove with the other gloved hand and the second glove by the inside of the wrist with the other gloved hand. You want to rub dirty against dirty and clean against clean. Place the gloves in the appropriate container
  • Remove the gown by turning it inside out after untying or breaking the knot at the neckline. Dispose of the gown
  • Remove any eyeglasses or face shields you may be using and deposit them in the proper receptacle
  • After removing all PPE, wash your hands (or inform the examiner that you will wash your hands at this step) and leave the patient room.

>>> Read more: Skills in CNA test: 5 Vital Signs and Measurements

Perineal hygiene advice

Perineal Hygiene
Perineal Hygiene


Read Expert Advice for PPE in nursing by Tanya Glover, CNA PPE is simply gloves for many CNAs. This is a serious issue at nursing homes and other healthcare facilities since more and more personnel are becoming infected with illnesses from their failure to wear personal protective equipment (PPE). Though it may not seem important while you are a student, PPE may be the difference between life and death for both you and your patients in the actual world of nursing. The goal is to treat each patient as though they are infected with a life-threatening disease. This way, you’ll be able to take the necessary steps to safeguard everyone involved. This is what is referred to as universal precautions.

When working with a patient who is isolated, it is extremely important to use proper PPE. This is because you don’t want to spread the germs that brought them there in the first place, and you don’t want to infect someone who already has a compromised immune system. While it is critical to use PPE, it is equally critical not to overdo it. Allow me to share with you my experience. I was assigned to a gentleman who was in the advanced stages of AIDS during my first year as a hospice CNA in a nursing facility. This frightened me beyond belief. I knew that if I followed the necessary precautions, I wouldn’t become infected. My rationale, like those of many others, was trumped by my dread of contracting AIDS. I put on two gowns, two pairs of gloves, and a full face mask because of my dread. Despite the fact that the patient never showed symptoms of being unhappy, I knew he was. Knowing that others are frightened to touch you must be terrifying. I realized it couldn’t go on like this, so I sought counseling and eventually recovered. Keep in mind that all of our patients, including those with life-threatening illnesses, are individuals just like you and me. Make them feel at ease and ensure that their final days are filled with joyful memories.

Handwashing and PPE in nursing are high priority, especially during a pandemic, but also at any time, therefore they should be perineal hygiene skills you practice and apply at all times.

Visit our websites to get more information and free CNA practice exam. To download, visit our website for your IOS or Android device.


Skills In CNA Test: 5 Vital Signs And Measurements

You want to discover more about how to measure 5 Vital Signs for achieving a higher score in this test? Let’s get started!

January 1, 2022

When working as a CNA, you are responsible for helping the clinical group in both patient care as well as patient assessment. One of the foremost visits and scheduled errands is collecting and recording crucial signs and measurements. You’ll likely be asked to perform one of these abilities on your abilities exam, but within the genuine world, you’ll likely perform most of these different times a day. Below are 5 vital signs and methods to measure them that can be beneficial for your performance as a CNA.

5 vital signs and methods

Measuring a patient’s height using an upright scale

At the doctor’s arrangements and upon clinic affirmation, the patient’s height will be taken. This estimation is vital since combined with the weight, the patient’s Body Mass List (BMI) can be calculated. In case you have to measure the patient’s height utilizing an upright scale specialized for height, after performing the Opening Method, ensure that the persistent can stand up on their claim. 

When walking to the scale, remember to wear non-skid footwear, but the quiet ought to expel their shoes sometime recently venturing on the scale. You’ll be able to put a paper towel on the scale and inquire the persistent to step on the scale and stand up straight. You can lower the height bar to exactly measure the patient’s head and record the patient’s height in either foot as well as inches, or centimeters depending on what is accessible on the scale. Help the persistent off of the scale and guarantee they put on non-skid footwear some time recently strolling anyplace. You’ll be able at that point to arrange the paper towel and then, perform the Closing Procedure.

5 Vital Signs
5 Vital Signs


Measuring weight using an upright scale

The patient’s weight is absolutely vital for both deciding the measurement of certain medicines and for checking a patient’s liquid status. For the purpose of precisely measuring the patient’s weight, you’ll be able to take the same steps to induce the persistent onto the scale as when measuring the patient’s tallness. Before the client steps on the weight scale, you may want to “zero” or want to balance the weight scale to ensure that the reading will be accurate. Right after the client steps on the weight scale, start by moving the large weight in 50 lb increments and afterward, the small weight until the scale can balance. Record the patient’s weight, assist the patient off the scale, dispose of the paper towel, and perform the Closing Procedure.

Sometimes recently the persistent steps on the scale, you may need to “zero” or adjust the scale to create beyond any doubt the perusing will be accurate. After the persistent steps on the weight scale, you can begin with moving the expansive weight of the patient in 50 lb increases, and after that, the little weight until the scale equalizes. Don’t forget to record the weight of the patient and, help the persistence of the scale, then you can arrange the paper towel, and perform well the Closing Procedure.

Recording the radial pulse 

Taking vital signs is one of the most important routines and visit errands you’ll perform when becoming a CNA. Frequently, you’ll have an automatic machine that can support you in taking these estimations, but you still ought to know how to require these estimations physically as well. When taking the client’s pulse, you may regularly utilize the spiral supply route, which can be found on the underside of the wrist on the same side as the thumb. After performing the Opening Strategy, you ought to utilize your fingertips to require the beat. Dodge utilizing your thumb as your thumb can have its possess beat that will meddle with the perusing. Employing a observe with a moment hand, check the number of beats in one diminutive, record the perusing, and perform the Closing Procedure.

Recording the respirations

During the process of recording respirations, remember not to tell the clients that you are checking the number of breaths they take since it can lead to a change in their ordinary breathing rate. After performing the Opening Procedure, let’s tell the patient you’re taking their vital signs, but don’t indicate merely are recording respirations. You’ll imagine requiring the patient’s beat as you check the number of respirations over one miniature. Don’t forget to record the perusing and perform the Closing Procedure.

5 Vital Signs
5 Vital Signs


Recording the blood pressure 

To physically take the patient’s blood weight, you’ll require a blood weight sleeve, or sphygmomanometer, and a stethoscope. Remember to wipe the stethoscope earpieces, chime, and stomach with alcohol, and then perform the Opening Strategy.

The arm of the patient ought to be resting in the most pleasing position at the same stature as their heart, and the brachial course on the inward perspective of the arm ought to be utilized. The blood pressure sleeve ought to be wrapped cozily approximately two inches over the antecubital fossa, and it can be put over the uncovered skin of your patient and not clothing or an outfit. Let’s put the stethoscope earpieces in your ears and the stomach over the spiral supply route. Then you can blow up the sleeve until the outspread beat is completely impeded. Easily discharge the discuss from the sleeve at a rate of approximately 2-4 mmHg per moment, and tune in for the primary sound, which is able to be your systolic perusing.

Proceed the discharge of air, and when it gets to be calm, this is often your diastolic perusing. Rapidly discharge the remaining air from the sleeve, expel the sleeve, record the perusing, and perform the Closing Process.

The skills exam can be considered one of the most challenging parts before officially becoming a CNA. With the above information of 5 vital signs, hope that you can receive beneficial knowledge to be more confident and well-prepared to pass this test. 

Visit our websites to get more information about CNA Test and free CNA practice test or download it for your IOS or Android device.

>>> Read more: CNA Skills: Point Of Care CNA

All You Need To Know About Checking The Apical Pulse

What is the apical pulse which is the method to check it? Here we will help you with the following beneficial information. Let’s get started!

January 1, 2022

Pulse, along with body temperature, blood pressure, and breathing rate are vital signs of a person. Based on some characteristics of the circuit, you can identify health problems and diseases. Unlike measuring blood pressure or temperature that requires a device, a CNA can easily determine your pulse with just your bare hands. So what is the apical pulse and how to check it? Let’s follow the below article for more information.

All about a pulse

What is a pulse?

A pulse is heart rate as well as the number of times that the heartbeats per minute. Pulse rates fluctuate from person to person, each individual has a different heart rate. The pulse is often lower in case a person is at rest and it seems to increase during the person does exercise (because more oxygen-rich blood is needed when you take the exercise). 

Apical Pulse
Apical Pulse


What is the common heart rate of people?

For the adult, the average number of times that the heartbeats fluctuates from 60 to 100 per minute. A pulse rate that is often slower than 60 beats per minute is usually called bradycardia. In addition, A pulse rate that is faster than 100 beats/  minute is often called tachycardia.

Your normal resting heart rate ranges from 60-100 beats per minute. But a heart rate lower than 60 doesn’t mean you have a health problem. It can be the result of taking medications such as beta-blockers. A lower heart rate is also common among physically active people or athletes. Active people such as athletics often have a lower heart rate (as low as 40) because that their heart muscle is in better condition and it doesn’t need to work as much to maintain a stable beat. Low or moderate physical activity usually doesn’t change resting heart rate much.

Factors behind the change in heart rate 

Below are factors that can affect heart rate, causing an increase or decrease in heart rate.

  • Lack of physical activity

Regular exercise keeps the heart working properly. Both obesity and inactivity can increase heart rate. When you’re obese, your heart has to work harder to pump blood to all parts of your body. As it pumps more blood, the heart also beats faster.

  • Stress

If your resting heart rate is high, one cause could be your stress levels. Prolonged stress is very unhealthy because it makes your heart race.

  • Using drugs

Certain prescription medications can also alter the heart rate. Beta-channel blockers can relax the heart and this can slow it down.

  • Thyroid disorders

Hypothyroidism can slow the heart rate and hyperthyroidism can increase heart rate. So, when the thyroid is overactive or underactive, the heart rate is also affected.

  • Dehydration

When the electrolyte balance in the body is disturbed, the heart rate may increase. Even when minerals such as magnesium, calcium, and potassium are depleted, heart rate can increase.

  • Excessive consumption of caffeine

Caffeine can increase heart rate. After drinking an energy drink or a cup of coffee, you tend to notice a change in your heart rate.

  • Diabetes

A high heart rate can also be an early warning sign of diabetes. In general, diabetes can affect heart rate and can also increase the risk of heart disease.

Areas where you can take a pulse

Apical Pulse
Apical Pulse
  • The wrist (which is also called radial pulse): This can be considered the most common location for a doctor to check a pulse. In order to find it, let’s place your fingers on the patient’s wrist, or just under the patient’s thumb.
  • The foot (for example pedal or posterior tibial pulses):  It is quite difficult for pedal pulses to be located. You can find them on the top or on the mid-portion of the patient’s foot, or right behind their inner ankle bone.
  • The groin (or the femoral pulse):  Femoral pulses are often located where the patient’s leg meets his/her trunk. The patient can get lots of problems as well as feel uncomfortable locating their groin because of his/her very personal location.
  • The head (or the temporal pulse): It is located right in front of the ears.
  • The neck (which is often called carotid pulse): The carotid pulse is found under the jaw on one side of the face.
  • The knee (or the popliteal pulse): This pulse can be found right behind the patient’s knee and seems to be quite difficult to locate on your own.
  • The elbow (which is known as brachial pulse): For adults, the brachial pulse is often located on the inside of the patient’s elbow.

>>> Read more: What Is Charting? The Five Tips to Nailing Patient Charting

The nature and meaning of pulse

  • Maximum circuit frequency

Each different age will have a different maximum pulse frequency and is determined (in theory) as follows: Female: maximum pulse frequency = 226 – age; men: maximum pulse frequency = 220 – age. For example, a 30-year-old woman will have a maximum pulse rate of 226 – 30 = 196 beats/min.

  • Circuit frequency

It is the number of times the pulse beats in 1 minute. The normal pulse rate in adults is 60-100 beats/min; In children, the younger the age, the faster the pulse. Rapid pulse when: fever (1oC increase in temperature, pulse increased by 8 times/minute), anxiety, fear, agitation, anger, physical exertion. Slow pulse is seen in healthy people or athletes (usually the pulse frequency of these people is 40 – 60 times/minute); seen in cardiovascular disease (arrhythmia), hypothyroidism, typhoid…

  • Circuit size

It refers to the pulse pressure of the circuit. Strong pulse is found in aortic regurgitation, while ductus arteriosus… Weak pulse is seen in mitral stenosis, aortic stenosis, heart failure…

  • Circuit ype

It describes a particular type of pulse. Strong pulse, rapid sinking is seen in aortic regurgitation, ductus arteriosus, arteriovenous fistula. A weak pulse, bouncing and sinking slowly is seen in aortic stenosis.

  • Rhythm

If the time interval between two pulses is constant, it is called a regular pulse, the difference between beats is called an irregular pulse. Extrasystoles (irregular pulse, suddenly having an earlier-than-normal rhythm) can be present in some serious heart conditions, especially when extrasystoles occur several times a minute. Complete arrhythmia (irregular and irregular pulse, strong and weak) is usually caused by atrial fibrillation. A missed pulse (with pulses that are too weak to be picked up, alternating with those that can) is also often due to atrial fibrillation.

In short, if you notice that there are abnormalities in the nature of the pulse, especially in the rhythm, and these abnormalities are frequent, this is a warning to consult a doctor.

How to check the apical pulse?

The way to catch the radial pulse is as follows: palm facing up – place two fingers as the index finger and middle finger of the other hand on the position of the radial pulse – press lightly to feel the pulse on the fingertips. Let’s breathe press lightly with the patient’s fingers until it seems that the blood pulsing is via your fingers. It’s also necessary to move your fingers up or down slightly until you are able to feel the pulsing. It is also useful to use a watch or some timing applicants to support you.

The blood vessel commonly used for palpation is the radial artery at the anterior forearm position, just above the wrist crease, toward the thumb. Some other blood vessels that are also used for palpation are brachial, carotid, inguinal, popliteal, dorsal, posterior tibial arteries…

If the pulse is regular, count the number of pulses in 10 seconds and multiply by 6 to get the number of pulses in 1 minute. Need to take the pulse in both hands for comparison.

The above article has provided the most beneficial information about apical pulse as well as the method used for checking it. Hope that this piece of information can be better for you when taking the CNA test.

Visit our websites to get more information and free CNA practice exam. To download, visit our website for your IOS or Android device.


Everything That You Should Know About The CNA Online Test

Lots of students have wondered about the CNA online test as well as what should be remembered when taking it. Let’s get started!

January 1, 2022

Right after completing the CNA preparation program that provides fundamental knowledge of the CNA field, each candidate needs to take the CNA certification examination. If they are able to pass the exam, they can be authorized and certified to have enough ability to work as an official CNA in real hospitals or medical institutions. Each state requires its students to pass the competency exam to illustrate that they have the basic hypothesis information and the hands-on knowledge to hone a secure and successful understanding of care beneath the supervision of an authorized nurse. Can candidates take a CNA online test to prepare for their upcoming test? Follow this article for more information.

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General information of the CNA online test

CNA online test
CNA online test

The CNA examination is ordinarily a combination of two-part tests that are taken at a university/college or a regional testing institution. The primary portion may be a composed information exam, and the moment portion may be a hands-on clinical abilities test. Different states will have their own rules in terms of the format of the test. To be more specific, a few states require the RN (officially registered nurses) to direct over the test whereas others utilize qualified teachers or nurture helper evaluators. The NNAAP is utilized by approximately 25 states and is provided through the Pearson VUE. The CNA test-takers will have to be total the test within half of the year and up to two a long time taking after preparing depending on particular rules of their state.

Examining for the composed portion of the exam can be completed by going through hone exams that can be found online. Hone exams can provide the test takers a feel for what to genuinely anticipate from the composed and skill-based portions of the CNA test.

Notes when taking the CNA online test

CNA online test
CNA online test

Nowadays, thanks to the development of technology, CNA test takers can take the online CNA test to prepare for their CNA test. Below are some information about this format of CNA test that you should remember carefully:

Apply process for the CNA Exam

Right after taking a CNA training program, the following step you need to do to be an official CNA who has enough ability to work in a real institution is to enroll for the competency CNA examination. Enrollment can regularly be taken in the online format utilizing the Prometric Websites, the state’s Board of Nursing Site, or the Pearson VUE. Be that as it may, a few states require the CNA test takers to fill out a CNA test application and mail or fax it in. If it’s not too much trouble take a look at the State page for more exact data approximately your States’ CNA examination.

The format of the CNA exam is different depending on each state

Remember to take the skill-based exams utilizing your preparing course’s ponder and reference materials to assist you. Take as numerous skill-based exams as conceivable to move forward your opportunities of passing the composed portion of your real CNA test.

Take as many practice exams as you can.

Take more skill-based tests that you can find from the Nurture Helper Testing or other sources. These online tests will encourage you to make plans for your CNA exam.

Broaden the network with other CNA online students 

There are lots of CNAs who had to take the CNA test before. You can learn from numerous mistakes that these CNAs had made during their preparation process, or you can ask them for advice. So don’t worry about networking with other CNA online students.

Where to take the CNA Online test?

CNA Test Prep is a browser/web platform that gives test-takers a free CNA online test. Our CNA practice tests have been collected carefully before being released and all based on the real CNA test format. Let our free CNA practice test help you get all you need for your coming CNA exam! To download, visit our website for your IOS or Android device.

The article above has provided you with the basic information about the CNA online test as well as some notes that you should carefully remember when taking this format. Hope that you can have better preparation before taking this exam to get remarkable results.


Top Registered Nurse Interview Tips

Remember some important registered nurse interview tips in our post is an excellent way to ensure that you are well-prepared for the interview.

January 1, 2022

You’re ready to go on to the next step—finding a job in your chosen field—once you’ve obtained your Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA) certifications. Even if you’ve had previous jobs and interviews, this may be your first in a professional environment, and the process can be intimidating. Remembering a few important registered nurse interview tips and expecting what will likely happen during the interview is an excellent way to ensure that you are well-prepared and give yourself a leg up on the competition.

Besides, you can refer to our blog about Top Frequent CNA Interview Questions

Some important registered nurse interview tips

Registered Nurse Interview Tips
Registered Nurse Interview Tips


Dress for Success

The key CNA interview tip to a successful interview, like most things, is preparation. Wearing professional attire is one part of this. While a suit isn’t required, you shouldn’t dress too casually. The best impression is usually made with a clean and pressed pair of slacks and a well-fitting and tasteful shirt. Hair, makeup, and nails should all be neat and tidy. These qualities are required for the position, thus you must demonstrate them during the interview. You should depart early to ensure that you have enough time to find your way to the facility and locate the appropriate people when you arrive.

Show up Prepared

You should also bring any crucial documents that the interviewer(s) may ask for. Suggestions include several copies of your résumé (preferably neatly organized in a folder),your CPR certification, CNA certification, and any references or letters of recommendation you may have. Even if you have submitted these things ahead of time, it is critical that you present them to your interview. The fact that you have these things ready to distribute shows that you are well-organized and prepared.

Practice interview answers 

You should also try to predict the kinds of questions you’ll be asked during the interview. While you never know what questions an interviewer will ask, some common ones are:

  • Could you please give us a brief introduction?
  • What makes you desire to work as a CNA?
  • What are your strengths and weaknesses?
  • In five years, where do you see yourself?

You do not need to have prepared answers for these questions, but it is a good idea to consider what you want to emphasize in your responses before the interview. That way, they’ll be fresh in your memory and you’ll be less likely to make mistakes when answering. Take some time to evaluate your answer to any questions you hadn’t thought about or explored before the interview. It’s preferable to provide a meaningful response after a little pause than to respond hastily with the first thing that comes to mind.

Registered Nurse Interview Tips
Registered Nurse Interview Tips


Remember your manner

One of the most important hospital interview tips you may miss is remembering your manner. When you’re ready to go, say a sincere “thank you” to the interviewers for their time. You can also send them a thank-you email or snail mail message in which you express your excitement about the opportunity. Because many applicants do not follow up after an interview, those that do stand out!

Following the above-registered nurse interview tips, a fresh graduate, or even an experienced one, has a good chance of obtaining the job. Keep in mind to be humble, enthusiastic, and willing to learn. Get rid of any arrogance you’ve built since nursing school. Demonstrate your willingness to study and go obtain that job! The interviewers liked your resume enough to call you, now show them you’re ready to learn and go get that job!  don’t be discouraged if it doesn’t work out.  found the right job! Now is the time to look for a career as an RN.

Visit our websites to get more information and free CNA practice exam. To download, visit our website for your IOS or Android device.

CNA Study Guide: The Top Essential Guide For Every CNA

An effective study guide will do wonders for your preparation process. Let's discover everything about the CNA study guide in this article.

January 1, 2022

An effective CNA study guide is essential for every individual who has a passion for becoming a professional CNA. Here we give you the beneficial information you need to know about CNA and give a focus on the most important part. Let’s follow this article for better preparation!

Activities in the daily life

The CNA (which stands for Certified Nursing Assistant) is an occupation that includes numerous roles and responsibilities in their daily living. One of the most indispensible roles is to assist patients with their activities of daily living (which are also called ADLs). In general, ADLs are words that refer to the basic activities that most of us need to do every day such as bathing, feeding, toileting, and so on. However, for many patients, those activities can not be done in a normal way. Instead, they need the help and support of the CNAs. The nurses’ assistant will take responsibility for assisting the clients with these activities so they are done safely and attentively.

Feeding the meal

Many patients can get problems when opening the food packages or settling with their meals. They can’t even feed themselves at all. Those are the reasons why the patients need to assistance of the CNAs. To assist a patient at their mealtime, below are several important guidelines:

  • Wash your hands carefully to ensure safety before you begin feeding
  • Sit at a suitable eye level and protect the patients’ clothing.
  • Use a small spoon to deliver food and ensure that your patient can completely swallow the mouthful before getting another.
  • Offer fluid regularly.
  • Interact with the patients while feeding them so that they can feel better at mealtime.
  • It’s important to help your patient complete their meal, but don’t try to force them if they refuse to do that.
  • If your patient gets any problems with the meal or good, inform the nurse directly.

Mobility and Toileting

Clients who have constrained portability may have to utilize a bedside commode or bedpan to go to the washroom. When helping in this capacity, these are imperative things to remember:

  • If the patient uses a commode, guarantee that it is locked and as near to the client as conceivable to play down drop risks. 
  • Have things you will require, such as latrine paper, nearby some time recently you offer assistance the client to transfer. 
  • Allow for security, in case conceivable, but take off the client alone as it were in case it is secure to do so.
  • No matter how you are assisting the patient to the toilet, remember that you never should violate their safety and keep the patient’s dignity and privacy at all times.

Immobility and Hygiene

Immobile patients are frequently given day-by-day bed showers to keep them clean. A few brands of washing wipes and waterless shampoos, which your office may utilize for cleansing stable clients, are accessible, but numerous places still depend on standard cleansers and water. To give a halfway bed bath, remember to:

  • Ensure that the water is at a suitable temperature so that the patient can feel comfortable.
  • Expose only the cleaning area of the patient, and try to dry it immediately after cleaning.
  • Remember to wash the face with a wet washcloth only. 
  • Wash the rest of the patient’s body by using a little amount of soap. 
  • After finishing cleaning, apply the lotion to the skin of the patient and wear fresh clothes.
  • Pay attention to any sign of skin problems in your patient and report to your direct nurse immediately.

Assisting with the client’s ambulation

Distinctive patients require diverse levels of ambulation help. A gait-transfer belt could be a common assistive gadget to assist securely move clients from one spot to another. To utilize the belt:

  • Affix the belt safely around the patient’s midriff and stand straightforwardly.
  • Hold the walking belt with both of your hands, and offer assistance to the client to a standing position so his feet are situated in between yours. 
  • When the patient is relentless, move one of your hands to the side of the walking belt and another to the back. Walk with the client whereas holding the belt in this position, either at his side or marginally behind him.
  • If the client starts to drop, don’t attempt to avoid the drop or capture him together with your hands. Instep, twist your knees, and gradually lower the client to the floor, securing the head from harm and permitting the client to rest his body against your leg. 
  • Call for help and remain with the patient; don’t endeavor to move him as this may cause advanced injury.

Range of Motion Exercises

In order to perform effective range of motion exercises, CNAs should remember:

  • Help the patient lie comfortably supine.
  • Begin by smoothly rotating the patient’s shoulder, before moving it toward and away from their body.
  • Adduct, snatch, and pivot the legs at the hip. 
  • Support the foot at the instep and pivot, flex, and expand each foot at the lower leg, and after that flex and expand the toes. 
  • Never drive or pull on any limit that appears solid or does not need to move. 
  • Report any unordinary discoveries to the client’s nurture immediately.

Basic nursing skills

CNA study guide
CNA study guide


Avoiding the widespread of infection

In each healthcare setting, knowing how to anticipate the spread of contamination is pivotal to keep flare-ups to a least and to anticipate getting wiped out yourself. 

Handwashing is one of the most vital things you need to do to avoid the spread of disease or infection. Hand washing ought to be performed before and after providing coordinated patient healthcare, after progressing to the bathroom, before eating, and at whatever point your hands are obviously ruined. 

Utilize a bounty of grinding after you wash, and clean your hands, wrists, and the range beneath the nails for at slightest 15 seconds. Many offices permit the utilization of a waterless hand clean, such as Avangard, on the off chance that your hands are not unmistakably ruined. Continuously wear gloves in the event that you anticipate coming into contact with mucous films, blood, or other irresistible substances. Evacuate the gloves instantly after caring for the client.

Maybe you care 25 CNA Skills You Need To Know

Technical procedures

Technical procedures such as obtaining vital signs, providing mouth and nail care, and helping a client dress are all part of the everyday job of the CNA—and also something you will likely be asked to demonstrate on the clinical skills portion of the test. Here are some important practices to remember:

Specialized methods such as getting vital signs, giving mouth and nail care, and assisting patients in dressing are all portions of the ordinary work of the CNA. You may likely be inquired to illustrate on the clinical abilities parcel of the test. Here are a few imperative hones to remember:

  • Before starting any process, greet the patient warmly and explain what you intend to do with them.
  • Always allow the patient as much privacy as possible and ensure that you are always by their side to avoid any injury.
  • Blood pressure can be taken by the CNAs manually or with the assistance of an automatic machine depending on your medical institution. However, knowing the blood pressure technique is required for every CNA.

Numerous vitals machines come prepared with a beat bull that tells how much oxygen is within the patient’s blood and gives his current beat rate. A typical beat rate fluctuates between 60 and 100 beats/minute. Anything higher or lower than this extension may be characteristic of an issue and ought to be detailed to the nurture allocated to your client.

When giving the patient nail care, splash the nails in comfortably warm water for 10–20 minutes. Dry and trim them straight over with nail clippers. For those who may have issues with their hands or feet, such as diabetics, check for any detailed order of the patient before performing the nail care.

When assisting patients with dressing, remember to have all their new clothing prepared carefully with the purpose of expelling their ruined clothing to anticipate drawn-out periods of exposure. Permit patients to freely select their dress, in case conceivable, and permit them as much autonomy as security grants. In case one side of their body is powerless or paralyzed due to stroke, guarantee the influenced arm/leg is bolstered whereas you help them in dressing.

Client rights

Patients’ privacy and confidentiality

Since exceedingly touchy, individual data is often traded in a therapeutic care setting, clients are granted the correct to both protection and secrecy. This implies that healthcare professionals ought to not talk about client issues and concerns exterior of work, with other clients, or in any way not related to the case.

Remember that you must not unveil any data of patients without their assent, otherwise, you might hazard genuine legitimate repercussions for doing so. Clients anticipate specialists and healthcare experts to be reliable and tactful with their data, permitting them to talk unreservedly approximately past botches, ailments, or concerns. Without privacy, clients cannot believe their healthcare professionals and will not offer vital data freely.

Empathize and share

Medicine is considered an important profession in today’s society. This profession is directly related to human health and life. Therefore, in addition to professional skills, it is important for doctors and nurses to uphold their sense of responsibility with communication and behavioral skills in the health industry, especially listening and understanding skills. 

For the health sector, in order for the work of CNAs to be effective, it is necessary to pay attention to caring for patients with kindness, thoughtfulness, and avoiding overwork, which can cause serious consequences. If the above is done well, the patient will keep an optimistic spirit, supporting the treatment to be much more effective.

Mutual respect 

Behavioral culture in communication is also reflected in the ability to respect others whether they are patients or colleagues. For patients, CNAs need to respect their privacy, personal space, or profession, not judge or belittle. Respect the patient’s personal profession, there is no discrimination when taking care of the patient because they are the patient and they need our help in terms of health.

Effective communication

The main subject of contact in the work of CNA is the patient and the patient’s family, they must have good communication skills and listen to the opinions of others. When communicating with others, CNA needs to be open, friendly with the patient, able to share all the wants and needs of the patient and provide guidance to the patient’s family. Best for the patient’s state of health.

You can try to visit our blog to learn more about Communication Skills Assessment For A Successful CNA

When communicating with clients, CNAs need to remember these following principles:

Don’t just hear – really listen to what clients want

Listening is certainly the key to effective communication and listening ability should be improved immediately by practicing empathic listening skills. It requires you to pay attention to others with empathy (e.g., emotional recognition, compassion, openness, feeling, and understanding). In other words, try to put yourself in the person’s shoes, ask how they feel about the situation, and connect emotionally with them with words and facial expressions. Use your words and body language to say “I understand, I care, you can talk openly”.

Especially, when working with patients, listening skills are extremely important. When having health problems, most patients will have anxiety, negative thoughts, and can even cause complex psychological complications. The job of a professional CNA is to listen and understand the insights of patients, thereby helping them overcome psychological problems to receive treatment. Remember, CNA isn’t just a job, it’s a patient’s true friend.

Ask questions skillfully

Asking questions is considered one of the essential communication skills in the healthcare industry. Because this skill will partly determine the clinical conclusion about the disease status of each patient. If there are open-ended or one-by-one questions, it will help doctors get more information about the patient’s medical condition.

When asking questions to the patient, CNAs should not change the topic of conversation too much, which will avoid the patient’s information disorder. Notably, being asked the question again and again, using nice words, or summarizing the conversation will help doctors master their stories, allowing patients to open up. share more.

In addition, you should also exchange information about the patient’s family situation. This encourages the patient to ask questions and listen attentively to better understand the patient’s condition.

Use both verbal and non-verbal communication

Non-verbal communication skills are shown through your eyes and voice. This is an essential soft skill for medical students. In addition, it can be combined with appropriate language and combined with postures, adding smiles to help create more sympathy with colleagues and with patients.

That said, communication skills are seen as an important component to the success of CNAs. This practice part can also help you become a communication expert in the future.

Emotional and mental health requirements

Since all patients are distinctive, mental and passionate healthcare may change from one client to another. While a few patients require broad treatment and care with respect to mental wellbeing, others require passionate bolster and support in terms of the emotional aspect. When considering to follow the CNA career, let’s put what you’ve learned into hone as well as put time and exertion into the mental and enthusiastic wellbeing of your clients. These angles of wellbeing are essential in driving mending and recovery.

Mental health

Mental wellbeing needs significantly shift between patients. As a healthcare professional, your duty lies with not as it was regulating care but moreover paying careful consideration to clients to decide any changes in their mental state/ Besides, you need to distinguish any triggers for expanded mental disturbance and guarantee that clients are being treated satisfactorily. In case the mental health of patients, for occurrence, develops progressively disturbed at a certain time of day, the portion of your work is to look for out any potential causes and correct the situation.

Emotional health

The same as mental wellbeing, emotional wellbeing isn’t ordinarily stamped by physical pointers. Guaranteeing clients’ passionate wellbeing requires customary perception and a few sums of instinct with respect to behaviors and feelings. Without cautious perception, a client’s passionate needs may not be met.

The treatment time in the hospital can be startling for anybody and especially troublesome in circumstances requiring broad treatment or in cases without clear answers or causes. As a CNA, your essential responsibility is to help clients and physicians—part of usually caring for your client’s enthusiastic well-being and acting as a source of bolster and quality amid a troublesome time.

Restorative skills

Understanding restorative skills

Restorative skills are eventually outlined to help clients in accomplishing preventive care. Through treatment and restoration strategies, a CNA may anticipate serving as a support for their clients, as well as giving coordinated therapeutic care, extending from help as little as enthusiastic back in treatment to really helping clients in accomplishing mending goals.

One of the most important parts of restorative care is perception. To utilize helpful strategies and sanction preventive care successfully, a CNA is responsible for observing clients carefully to recognize any risky ranges or any potential issues with the client—physical or mental.

Although you will not be anticipated to perform genuine physical treatment works out nearby your client, you basically serve as an enthusiastic and physical bolster to your client. This may be cruel empowering your client to total all fundamental works out or may cruel effectively helping your client to fulfill all treatment necessities enough. Since remedial abilities include numerous distinctive methods, let’s approach your clients with persistence and positivity.

Restorative care and patient interaction

When participating in therapeutic care, it’s necessary for you to respect your patients as grown-ups in require of help. Although your patients ought to not be treated like children or constrained to experience treatment or restoration they don’t need to go to, they should be emphatically energized to go to all treatment sessions and work their hardest.

Before and after therapeutic treatment, let’s propel and energize the client, as well as help with any physical needs related to preventive care. This may incorporate transporting the client to the inhabitant advisor, helping with physical treatment strategies, and watching the client for any signs of inconvenience or relapse.

Restorative skills, moreover, incorporate fundamental client care and transferable aptitudes. Fundamental client care may include helping with toileting and clean needs and includes instructing clients how to care for themselves taking after hospitalization or critical therapeutic treatment.

As a CNA, you must treat them in the most respectful way. When managing troublesome clients, keep in mind to treat the patients as grown-ups. clients treated with disregard or condescension will likely not tune in to your exhortation and may be able to seek after legitimate activity against staff members—including any inhabitant CNAs.

Spiritual & Cultural issues

Culture is the characteristics and knowledge of a particular group of people, encompassing language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music, and arts… The culture is one indispensable aspect that each CNA should be aware of when dealing with healthcare professionals, overall lifestyle, and child-rearing.

When talking with patients about culture-associated concerns, keep an open intellect and regard the potential quality of any social development. Social convictions (counting fears and doubts) run profound and may have been shared over an arrangement of eras. They are not one or the other effortlessly surrendered nor is it acknowledged when these convictions are disparaged or cast aside.

As a CNA, you must offer sound therapeutic exhortation and care when taking social convictions and concerns under consideration. This may be as basic as conventional dietary behaviors, or as complicated as a long-held skepticism in or doubt of specialists and ordinary pharmaceuticals.  When counseling with a client with devout limitations, tune in to all of the client’s concerns before continuing.

Be open to clarifying any misjudged or biased ideas with respect to medication and healthcare to your patient. Make it clear that you, simply as therapeutic wellbeing proficient, are working for the clients, but not against them. Treat devout convictions with regard in any case of any individual sentiments toward a belief system, and work with the client to realize all wellbeing objectives.

Since religious rights and social convictions are secured, disappointment to follow all laws and directions with respect to religion and culture may result in lawful troubles stemming from discrimination. Whereas treating devout and social differences with yielding could be an essential angle of being a caring, compelling CNA, these convictions are also ensured and should be treated equally.

The above article has provided you with the most effective CNA study guide and its focus. Hope that this material can do wonders for your preparation process so that you can achieve remarkable outcomes in this test.

Visit our websites to get more information and free CNA practice exam. To download, visit our website for your IOS or Android device.

What Is A CNA Skills Test And How To Break It?

A skills test is an indispensible part of every CNA exam. Do you know what is a CNA skills test? Let's discover everything in this article.

January 1, 2022

What is a CNA skills test?

A skills test is an indispensable part of the CNA exam. Its requirement is that candidates can perform good nursing responsibilities in front of an evaluator. You’ll be asked to demonstrate these duties in approximately 30 minutes.

You are probably already aware of all you need to do for the purpose of becoming a Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA). Here’s a quick brief:

  • Complete the training course at a state-approved school/educational institution.
  • Pass a written examination that contains approximately 60–100 questions. The number of questions will depend on the rule/decision of your living state.
  • Demonstrate well all your practiced nursing skills in front of the evaluator.

Almost all pre-CNAs are worried about the Skills part of the CNA examination. Apart from the handwashing skill — the skill which every state needs include — the CNA test takers are unable to know exactly which skills will be required by the CNA evaluator. There are approximately 30 basic procedures that you can be required to test on. 

CNA skills test
CNA skills test


CNA essential skills

This is the list of skills that you can be required to perform and a brief description of each skill: 

  • Handwashing—Most CNA exams will contain handwashing in their skills examination.
  • Donning and Doffing the Gown and Gloves—Especially in case you have to work with transmissible patients, donning and doffing protective personal equipment (which is often called PPE), such as gowns and gloves, is absolutely necessary.
  • Positioning in Fowler’s Position—This is a task requiring you to adjust the client’s bed to be in a semi-sitting position. This task is often required in case a patient is short of breath and needs immediate treatment.
  • Positioning in Lateral Position—Moving your client into this side-lying position in some scenarios.
  • Transferring from Bed to Chair Using a Gait Belt—For clients who get problems with ambulating, using an assistive device such as Gait Belt is extremely important.
  • Helping the patients in Walking Using a Gait Belt—Gait belts can also do wonders in supporting and assisting a patient with walking.
  • Making an Occupied Bed—For bedridden clients, changing their sheets and making their bed clean while they are still in it can be difficult for every CNA. So this task is really important so that CNAs can be given the opportunity to practice before joining a real job.
  • Passive Range on the Upper Body of Patients— For patients who get problems with moving their upper extremities, several passive exercises for body parts such as shoulders, fingers, elbows,.. may be important.
  • Passive Range on the Lower Body of Patients —For patients who are unable to ambulate, several moving exercises of some body parts such as hips, ankles, knees, and toes can do wonders in avoiding the risks of suffering numerous complications.
  • Brushing Dentures—Patients with dentures can require the assistance of CNAs
  • Mouth Care—For unconscious patients, mouth care is really important so that it can prevent them from being suffered by infections.
  • Upper Body Partial Bed Bath—For patients who get problems with mobility or patients who are unconscious, upper body bed baths can assist them to maintain hygiene.
  • Lower Body Partial Bed Bath—Several bedridden patients may require the CNA to do their Bed Bath.
  • Providing a Back Rub/Massage—Obviously, Back rubs and massages are an effective complementary or can be considered alternative therapy for pain relief.
  • Female Perineal Care—Besides bathing, female perineal care can also be considered indispensable for personal hygiene that can help patients avoid infections.
  • Shaving—Although it seems like a cosmetic task and seems not really important, it can be very beneficial in helping a patient look better.
  • Fingernail Trimming—In fact, fingernails can harbor bacteria, therefore, they should be trimmed carefully to avoid infections. But remember to do it carefully to ensure that the skin of the patient is not adversely damaged.
  • Assisting Dressing with an Immobile Arm—For patients who have immobile arms, helping them with getting dressed is absolutely important.
  • Serving and Feeding a Paralyzed Patient—For paralyzed patients, it is not only a physical need but also a special precaution to avoid complications, aspiration as an example.
  • Assisting with Bedpans—For patients who can’t get out of bed, a bedpan will be important for voiding.
  • Measuring Height—An upright scale can be used for the purpose of accurately measuring a patient’s height.
  • Measuring Weight—CNAs can be required to measure a client’s weight.
  • Recording Radial Pulse—Because it can be considered the most important vital sign, CNAs can be required to manually measure the client’s radial pulse.
  • Recording Respirations—To be more specific, measuring a client’s respirations can be done without telling the client that is what you are assessing.
  • Recording Blood Pressure—While the majority of individuals depend on automatic machines when taking the blood pressure of the patients, the CNAs can be required to know exactly how to physically take it.

>>> Read more: 25 CNA Skills You Need To Know

Steps to pass the CNA skills test

Step 1: Become familiar with the required skills

There’s no way around it: You have got to know the aptitudes superior to you know your title. You as of now know these skills from your preparation. They’re the same abilities you’ll utilize every day as a CNA. Each aptitude could be an arrangement of steps that you just must know and take after the assessment. 

Step 2: Use effective methods

There are numerous reliable information sources that you can access from the Internet. Let’s use these types of resources to help you study:

An effective and old-fashioned method to practice for the CNA exam is to make your own flashcards. Let’s use big index cards. It’s possible for you to write or paste these steps for each skill required on one side and the exact name of each skill on the other side. Then you can shuffle all of them and review them again before moving to the next task. This will do wonders in remembering what you need to do in each skill required. 

Gather some of your classmates or teammates for a study team. Practice performing and demonstrating the required skills in the lists above with each other until you are able to do them professionally without any hesitation. 

Maybe you care: The Most Essential CNA Tips For Passing This Exam

Step 3: Understand your state

In spite of the fact that the states all have comparable necessities for the aptitudes exam, their testing strategies may change. In the event that your preparing program didn’t grant you any specifics, discover your state here. You’ll discover valuable data on how numerous abilities will be tried and how much time you may have. You’ll too discover whether you’ll have an on-screen character (another individual taking the test) or a model for your showings and whether you’ll be required to “act” as a persistent for another CNA candidate’s abilities test.

Every state includes handwashing as a skill. A few will make it the primary expertise; others will incorporate it amid your other performance. Handwashing is the essential method for infection control. Obviously, emphatically don’t mess this up; it’s a moment that falls flat in case you are doing.

Besides handwashing, almost all states have the habit of requiring one of these two skills:

  • Recording a measurement: You should be ready to perform well the skill of recording a patient’s blood pressure, radial pulse, or respiration. Also, remember to measure the urine output as a preferred skill.
  • Indirect care: This skill can require the pre-CNA to communicate effectively with a patient and pay attention to his comfort, needs, and safety. The scenario might combine knowledge about patients’ Rights. Infection control is an important part of this skill, too.

Each state has the right to choose an approved provider to administer the CNA skill examination. They, obviously, are professional organizations/institutions so that they can have enough CNA ability to provide independent and unbiased exams to the CNA candidates.

1 week before the exam day

  • Rehearse carefully

Depending on the type of exam you choose, you need to have a deep understanding of the factors surrounding it. To be more specific, if you are taking the CNA test through a third party or at a school or educational institution of CNA, you need to know exactly the distance between where you live and the location where you take the test. This will help you minimize unnecessary risks such as traffic jams or astray… On the contrary, if you choose to take the online exam, you also need to prepare for the network connection, try the exam websites, and set up tools carefully. No matter where you take the exam and whatever format you take, it’s important to prepare it well.

  • Go to bed early to ensure emotional health

Go to bed early and prepare for the official test day. By this method, you can maintain good mental and emotional health before the CNA test. Don’t worry or become stressed – remember – worrying doesn’t improve your test results.

  • The big day comes

If you have already prepared carefully, let’s get ready for the challenge. If your skills exam day is on a quite different date from the written exam, be sure to arrive about 15 to 20 minutes early. Before taking the official CNA test or before coming to the room, do a small warm-up to be ready. Despite not taking any materials to the testing room, remember to take some questions before you take the skill exam.

You have prepared carefully for this test. You have mastered the knowledge. You are completely ready. Therefore, you need to feel confident. In case you are feeling nervous or stressed, let’s take a deep breath. Remember this CNA test is just a test to evaluate your level of knowledge of the CNA field so there is no fail or pass. When you are ready for all of them, let’s come back with the CNA test.

Greet your evaluator in the most polite way. Listen to the instructions carefully and don’t be shy to ask them any questions in case you need more additional information. You are approximately 30 minutes from qualifying as a CNA -Certified Nursing Assistant!

If you make a mistake or forget a step, don’t forget to tell the evaluator right away about your problem. Go back to the previous step that you missed. You have the right to make corrections during the skill but remember, not afterward.

The passing score is usually about 80%. Of course, you need to try your best as much as possible, but perfection is not always the goal. Examinations are always nerve-racking and it’s no problem if you may feel nervous about them. But if you practice skills carefully and prepare for them during your preparation process, your knowledge and confidence will help you sail through with ease.

The above article has answered the question: What is the CNA skills test as well as provide you with effective steps for breaking and achieving a high score on this test. Hope you guys can have more beneficial information about the CNA field for better preparation for this exam.

Visit our websites to get more information and free CNA practice test. To download, visit our website for your IOS or Android device.

What Is A CNA? (2023 updated)

You are going to take the CNA exam and you want to know as specific as possible about the exam. Let's check the article "What is a CNA" to see more details about it!

January 1, 2022

You are going to take the CNA exam and you want to know as specific as possible about the exam. Let’s check the article “What is a CNA” to see more details about it!

What is a CNA?

A Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA) plays a vital role in every hospital setting. The numerous responsibilities of CNAs make them an important part of healthcare, especially in the process of attending to patients. Although the job position of CNAs is frequently regarded as entry-level, it serves as a huge leap to other professions in healthcare. Moreover, working as a CNA provides preparation for a job in healthcare management or for nursing. It is also an excellent ground to set off a career.

The requirements to become a CNA can differ from place to place. However, in general, the process is the same. Prior to that, it is important to be knowledgeable on the duties of a CNA, the process of becoming one, and the use of experience as a nursing assistant in getting a boost to other professions in health care.

CNA exam

Certified Nursing Assistants perform quite limited responsibilities because CNA educational qualifications are not as thorough as the other medical careers. As they are often regarded, being a nursing assistant is an entry-level job in healthcare, thus, the certification and education requirements are most likely less rigorous than other careers in the medical field.

These educational qualifications differ in each state. However, it usually includes a training program that is approved by the state. This is offered in high schools, vocational schools, community colleges, or even hospitals. Typically, these CNA classes take four to eight weeks to complete, focusing on patient care, basic skills in medical procedures, and significant moral and ethical understanding. Hands-on and in-person skill training may be offered to prepare students in actual working set-ups with patients.

As for the CNA certification procedure, each state has different requirements as well. But, in most cases, there are a written CNA exam and a demonstration CNA exam to test students’ ability to execute tasks. This is an important license since it is often required from students in order to be accepted for nursing jobs. It also assures that nursing assistants possess the skills and knowledge to perform the duties in a real setting.

To obtain the CNA license, students are required to take and pass the CNA examination in their respective states. This test is divided into an oral and written exam. To prepare carefully and get 100% ready for your written CNA exam, take our free CNA practice test 2021 to be familiarized with the test format. 

What does a CNA do?

What is a CNA?
What is a CNA?


Certified Nursing Assistants perform many duties. They provide help to patients in their health care needs. Most of the time, a nurse supervises the patients. They are sometimes called a care assistant for patients or nurse aid. In fulfilling their roles, nursing assistants work hand in hand with nurses and patients to assist in the various physical and multifaceted tasks when it comes to patient care.

Other than the aforementioned, nursing assistants also perform the following duties:

  • Moving or turning patients
  • Collecting medical supplies
  • Showering patients
  • Giving patients a groom through shaving, brushing their teeth, combing their hair, etc.
  • Keeping track of patients’ water and food intake
  • Checking heart rate, blood pressure, and other vital signs
  • Responding when patients call
  • Keeping documentation of patient information
  • Cleaning wards, bed linens, and rooms
  • Keeping a stock of supplies
  • Helping in the medical procedures
  • Ensuring procedures are safe
  • Transferring patients
  • Treating wounds

Requirements and responsibilities necessitated by CNAs vary in different facilities and hospitals. But basically, CNAs assist in performing critical tasks to assure that patients are safe and taken care of during their stay in the hospital. Their duties to transfer patients, check their vital signs, and keep them clean are highly important for patient satisfaction and care.  Each state has a set of responsibilities for its CNAs to fulfill. Hence, the accurate job tasks may differ based on the place of residence.

You can learn more in this post: What Are CNA Duties In Hospitals?

How much does a CNA make?

In most cases, the hourly salary of CNAs is $13.50. This converts to an annual salary of $28,000 on average each year. An entry-level job position, is usually ideal for practitioners who are starting or considering a nursing career. It is also important to take note that the place where a CNA works plays a huge role in the amount of salary earned.

You can get more about CNA’s salary in this post.

Where do Certified Nursing Assistants work?

CNAs work in all types of healthcare settings such as the following:

  • Hospitals
  • Residential services (Long-term)
  • Nursing houses
  • Centers for rehabilitation
  • Centers of adult care
  • Seldom, do clinical service centers

From the abovementioned list, adult care centers and nursing houses are the most common areas where the job of nursing assistants is most needed. It is very rare for CNAs to work in clinical facilities.

Maybe you care: CNA Jobs and Three Working Places for New CNAs

What is it like to be a CNA?

Many people consider being a CNA as a huge opportunity for a job. But for those who are passionate about a career in healthcare, becoming a Certified Nursing Assistant is a large leap already. They may begin their careers as CNAs to experience the joy in patient care and learn patient interaction.

For starting CNAs who really find enjoyment in patient care, the job experience as CNA contributes to their experience and practical skills that may help them prepare in becoming a nurse. It helps professionals attain experiences that will train them in interacting with patients and executing medical processes. Nursing programs are even available online now to aid CNAs in accomplishing requirements for a BSN degree and RN licensure while working. This results in a gratifying nursing career, and in the long run, nursing leadership and management roles.

In addition to that, there may be some CNAs who find love in working in healthcare facilities but not in direct positions in patient care. Thus, becoming a CNA may be a good way to discover one’s dedication to patient interaction and care. Nursing assistants may consider other medical professions if they do not find being a CNA a passion.

In conclusion, becoming a CNA may be a good starting point, especially for those who have an interest in working in healthcare facilities.

General CNA Requirements

In this article, we will provide you with general CNA requirements that you have to allow to make your test day go smoothly. Let’s get started!

January 1, 2022

One of the most effective methods to prepare for your CNA certification is to study as much as possible about the profession (see the CNA job description) and the testing process. Following that, you’ll need to know how to apply for your certificate in your state after passing the state test.

To become a certified nursing assistant, each state has its own set of CNA requirements. This table of state-specific training information can be downloaded. Visit your state’s government website and look for licensing or professional codes that include the current CNA certification requirements.

General CNA certification requirements

To begin, you must enroll in a state-approved training program. Nursing assistant education requirements are very important. Each state’s authorized programs can be found on our website.  Each state also has an up-to-date list of authorized CNA programs, so check with yours before enrolling. It’s crucial to know that most states would refuse you the opportunity to take the test if you went to an unapproved school.

Approved schools follow all federal and state regulations and provide a program that covers all of the essential knowledge and skills to pass the test. After completing your course, you will be eligible to apply for jobs right away. Some nursing schools may enable you to transfer credits from an authorized CNA program if you’re considering working as a CNA while pursuing a nursing degree.

In ten states, the American Red Cross provides Nurse Assistant Training (NAT). Students are able to take the state CNA exam after completing the program, which is adapted to each state’s certification requirements. The ARC program costs around $1,300.

CNA Requirements
CNA Requirements


Documents you need to provide

You will need to provide various papers before beginning your training session. Make sure you’re ready by checking with your state and CNA program. The following are the most common items you’ll need to bring:

  • Age verification is required. In most cases, the minimum age is 18 years old. Parental consent is required in states that allow candidates aged 16-17.GED equivalent or high school diploma
  • Physical examination
  • Immunization proof
  • Test results for TB
  • Checking your background (fingerprint method)
  • Certification in CPR and First Aid
  • It is necessary to have a valid state driver’s license or identity card.

While 19 states need a minimum of 75 hours of CNA training, the remaining 31 states require anywhere from 80 to 180 hours. Missouri has a requirement of 175 hours, while Maine has the highest requirement of 180 hours. These hours include the state-mandated clinical hours, which range from 16 to 100.

Topics included in your certification exam

CNA courses include a wide range of topics that will appear on the certification exam. The following subjects are listed in alphabetical order:

  • Activities of daily living
  • Aging process
  • Anatomy and physiology
  • Body mechanics
  • Client rights
  • Communication
  • Cultural and spiritual needs
  • Data collection
  • Ethics and legal issues
  • Infection control
  • Medical terminology
  • Mental health
  • Nutrition
  • Personal care
  • Range of motion
  • Role and responsibility of the CNA
  • Safety
  • Vital signs and testing

We recommend that you take our free CNA practice exams in addition to studying your course materials. They’re based on actual questions, and they’ll help you get used to the testing process. On each test, we also give explanations for each question. The questions on a practice exam are randomized every time you take it to help you learn more effectively.

State CNA requirements

You will be able to begin the certification procedure with your state after you have completed your training. Check our website if you are looking for a list of each state’s nurse’s assistant requirements, as well as the exam fees. The test in each state has a set number of questions and a time limit. Some states will inform you of the number of questions on each topic. If you require accommodations for the exam, the state will provide you with instructions on how to make a request. You may simply request an oral examination if you have a reading disability or speak English as a second language.

The day of the exam

You will be required to provide a copy of your test date confirmation as well as an official ID with the same name as on the confirmation on the day of the examination. Your Social Security card may be required in some places. You’ll also be informed whether any supplies, such as pencils or a watch with a second hand, are required. In the testing area, phones, reference materials, handbags, and briefcases are not permitted.

Make sure to have a healthy breakfast on the day of your exam. Arrive 30 minutes early at the testing place. You must check-in and present the required identification and other documents. This also allows you to relax for a few minutes before you begin. The skills section of the exam should be completed in clean scrubs.

The written test is usually administered by a third-party firm in most states. You’ll proceed to a secure location where the exam will be conducted in private, under the supervision of someone who will confirm your identity before ensuring that you follow all exam instructions.

You can get more information with our blog: CNA Test Dates.

A licensed nurse will generally proctor the clinical skills portion. It’s critical that you practice each of the activities, including handwashing until you’re confident in your ability to do so. You may be required to show 3-6 skills on a mannequin or with another test student. Whatever the case may be, speak your way through the skills as though you were assisting a real patient.

The skills exam takes about 30 minutes on average. For each stage of the skills you’ll be required to complete, the nurse will have a checklist. Important: you will be immediately failed if you do not properly wash your hands for a complete 20 seconds. Although no one can predict which skills you will be asked to show, the following are the most frequent for the first few:

  • Providing Catheter Care
  • Taking vital signs
  • Making an occupied bed
  • Partial bed bath
  • Gait belt transfer
  • Dental care
  • Positions
  • Patient transfer: from bed to chair, from bed to stretcher

If you make a mistake, acknowledge it as soon as possible. Inform the examiner of what you should have done. If you notify the proctor about your faults, you’ll get bonus points. It is not essential to obtain a perfect passing score.

You will be confident if you learn and practice. Your CNA test will be a breeze for you! And then you’ll be on your way to a new job as a health care provider. Congratulations!

Visit our websites to get more information and free CNA practice test. To download, visit our website for your IOS or Android device.

How To Become A CNA?

You want to become a CNA and you need more information about it? Let's read this article to answer the question "How to be a CNA"!

January 1, 2022

Do you want to become a CNA and do you need more information about it? Let’s read this article to answer the question “How to be a CNA”!

What is the CNA exam?

The Certified Nursing Assistant examination is an instrument used to assess the nursing skills of nursing assistants.  Passing this exam is of much importance in order to attract CNA job opportunities. The CNA exam aims to check the knowledge, ability level, and skills of CNAs for the purpose of ensuring quality delivery of their assigned tasks.

The evaluation program for CNAs was developed by the National Council of State Boards of Nursing. The exam includes a written or knowledge exam and a skills test. The written part is in the format of multiple-choice questions which aim to test one’s knowledge of the concepts of nursing. A time limit of 90 minutes is given to answer 60 questions. The skills test portion, on the other hand, requires takers to accomplish nursing duties while an evaluator is observing. Takers will be asked to demonstrate around five tasks within 30 minutes. It is not necessary to perform the tasks perfectly.

However, it is expected from the takers to correct themselves when needed and strive for accuracy in executing the crucial parts of the tasks. Nursing assistants must obtain a minimum passing score of 70% for each part to earn their licenses. In the case of passing only one part of the examination, nursing assistants will be given the chance to retake only the failed portion instead of taking both tests again.

It is important to take note that different states have different time allotments and passing percentages for each part of the examination. The aforementioned guidelines are generalized.

In most cases, states coordinate with third-party exam proctors to oversee the process during the examination. Three of the largest CNA exam providers are HDMaster, NNAAP/Pearson Vue, and Prometric.

Is the CNA exam difficult?

Become a CNA can be difficult especially for those who lack the skills and knowledge necessary to attain a pass mark in the exam. Typically, both written and oral parts of the exam contain around 70 questions. However, this number can still vary in each state.

There may be some takers who will find the examination hard as they do not have the idea on which exact topics to review for a specific part of the exam. On the contrary, nursing assistants who have retained well the knowledge learned from their courses have higher chances of excelling in the written part of the test.

The skills test targets 5 out of the 25 nursing assistant skill areas. This section may seem very challenging for nursing assistants as their competence is expected in the 25 areas to excel on the skill test. Passing this part may be a struggle also if nursing assistants are competent in only some areas as the proctor randomly chooses the 5 areas. Hence, it is an advantage to study all areas.

Read more >>> Is the CNA test hard?

What materials are on the CNA exam?

Nursing assistant course materials provide all of the information needed to pass the licensing examinations. Specific coverage that takers need to be familiar with for the written or oral section includes radial pulse, respiration, recording and measuring weight, supervising urinary patients’ urinary output, and blood pressure. Our free CNA practice test 2021 will help you thoroughly prepare and familiarize yourself with the CNA test format. Check it now!

It is also important for nursing assistants to be knowledgeable on specific concepts to attain a passing mark on the skills section of the exam. Some of these hands-on skills include assisting with bedpan use, providing food care, recording and measuring urinary output, hand washing, giving modified baths, counting clients’ radial pulse, providing mouth cares, and positioning clients.

The following is a list of some areas that will be tested during the exam :

  • Aging process
  • Body mechanics
  • Client rights
  • Communication
  • Daily living activities
  • Data collection
  • Infection control
  • Legal and ethical issues
  • Medical terminology
  • Mental health
  • Nutrition
  • Personal care
  • Physiology and anatomy
  • Range of motion
  • Responsibility and role of CNA
  • Safety
  • Spiritual and cultural needs
  • Testing and vital signs

In most cases, the handwashing technique is the usual skill area that will be tested. If the required 20-second hand-washing rule is not followed, a failing score will automatically be given.

Tips on how to become CNA

How to become a CNA?
How to become a CNA?


There is no specific way that guarantees a passing mark on the CNA examination. However, there are several things nursing assistants can perform in order to increase the possibility of passing the exam. It can be advantageous for nursing assistants to know how to review for the examination. The following are some tips to aid nursing assistants in studying for the CNA exam:

  • Prior to taking the examination, creating a solid plan for studying will be helpful. It can be advantageous to use a calendar and list down the coverage needed to study for the exam. Time allotment for studying each day prior to the examination is an important part of the preparation.
  • Utilize multiple resources of study materials as much as possible. It can be helpful to use online and supplemental study materials from the courses to equip oneself with knowledge for the exam. These study materials are abundant online. One recommended study guide is “CNA Certified Nursing Assistant Cram.” It may help nursing assistants in passing the CNA examination.
  • Take as many practice tests as possible. Nursing assistants can take practice tests to prepare themselves for the real examination. Let’s practice  with+1000 CNA practice questions with our unique gamified learning technique.
  • Make a study guide for the examination. Constructing a personalized study guide can also be helpful in covering all the needed areas to study. Notes from the courses may be used to create a guide.
  • Get an understanding of the test format. Nursing assistants should know what the examination consists of – oral and written tests and a skills section. They should also have knowledge of the specific areas that will be tested in the skills section.

 Maybe you care: The Most Essential CNA Tips For Passing This Exam

How long does it take to become a CNA?

With regards to the state of residence and the program taken for training, it can be expected that completing a CNA program can take between six to twelve weeks.

If you have any questions or recommendations, please reach out to us at [email protected]! Let’s practice together to become a CNA!