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A contracture (tightening, or shortening of a muscle) is caused by

A Lack of movement of muscle

Muscle can shorten and become stiff when it is not moved or exercised, . Range of motion (ROM)becomes limited and movement can be painful. It is important to prevent when a client is immobile or has a disorder that can cause contractures, such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy. Stretching, performing ROM exercises and using splints can assist in maintaining function.