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Question:

Of the options below, what do you do with Mr. Johnson, who has just returned from surgery?

A Turn, cough, and deep breathe, leg exercises
Explaination

Atelectasis (fluid collecting in the lungs) which can cause pneumonia, and blood clots, which can break off and travel to the lungs are the two most common post-operative complications. The nurse aide can help the patient turn in bed, as well as take deep breaths and cough, to ensure enough air gets into the lungs. Leg exercises and getting out of bed as soon as possible can increase circulation to avoid blood clots.